Liwai would have been considered a ha'aku'e as a pa'a-kāhili for King Kaumuali'i. A ha'aku'e is a kāhili bearer for an ali'i of the same sex, similar to a squire or page. As a ha'aku'e, Liwai would have been responsible for carrying the kāhili for King Kaumuali'i and ensuring it was properly cared for. Kāhili were made of native hardwoods, bones, shells, and feathers. Kāhili were meticulously crafted using feathers from native birds such as the ‘elepaio. Whenever an ali‘i would go, a kāhili bearer was nearby.